Sample Spoliation Letter in Truck Accident Case

Below is an example of a spoliation letter written in a truck accident case.  What you want to ask for in a particular case depends on the case.  If you are not sure what the case calls for, ask for everything even it is not applicable to the case.  

This letter puts defendants on notice of a potential claim and underscores their obligation to not destroy any potentially relevant evidence. There is a preexisting obligation to not destroy, alter, or conceal evidence.  But this letter gives you additional ammunition to seek relief from the court if evidence is destroyed, usually in the form of evidentiary assumptions for the jury.  

It is crucial to send this letter as soon as possible. Judges are making an equitable call as to whether to give the jury a spoliation instruction so it is important make the case against the destructor as strong as possible. 

January 7, 2019

Via Certified Mail
Franklin & Prokopik, P.C.
Andrew T. Stephenson, Esq.
Two North Charles Street, Suite 600
Baltimore, Maryland 21201

Our Client: Joe Smith
Date of Loss: October 10, 2017
Location of Loss: I-95 (Baltimore, MD)
Your Clients: Baltimore Trucking & Kevin Smith

Preservation of Evidence/ Spoliation Notice

Dear Andrew: 

As you know, Laura Zois and I are representing Joe Smith concerning the above-referenced incident. 

As you have anticipated, we wish to arrange an inspection of your clients’ tractor and two trailers. I understand you will be sending us photographs of the vehicles. I would appreciate if you would send me any identifying information relating to the other drivers/vehicles involved in the crash.

Additionally, I am writing to make certain that Bate’s Trucking Company preserves any and all physical evidence related to this incident.  This includes, but is not limited to the truck itself.  We would like to schedule a time to have our expert examine the vehicle involved in this loss and are asking that this equipment is preserved until an inspection can take place.  We also ask that any and all electronic data be made available for download by our expert at an agreed upon date and time

Please preserve any cell phones, cell phone data, written materials such as witness statements, log books, service time records, dispatch records, maintenance records, accident reporting records, driver hiring and employment records relative to the employees involved, any electronic data such as ECM, PCM or GPS data; any video or audio recordings, as well as any data relating to the use of any cell phones or other communication devices.

Please do not dispose of any of this material, as I expect that it will be both discoverable and admissible in any litigation that may arise out of this claim.  Failure to preserve this material will result in a request for a spoliation instruction at any trial in this matter and may ultimately be considered by a court as an attempt to destroy evidence.  

I look forward to hearing from you. 

Very truly yours, 

Ronald V. Miller, Jr.

Additional Thoughts on Spoliations Letters

  • Some truck accident lawyers try to slip in as much technical mumbo-jumbo into these letters to impress the trucking company or opposing counsel to show just how much they know about truck accident cases. We think all it really shows is that you have mastered cut and paste in Microsoft Word. You impress the other side in discovery and at trial, not with your five-page spoilation letter.
  • You often begin by sending a spoliation letter to the possible defendants with the idea that they will pass the letter along to their truck accident attorney.  In Maryland, it is sometimes pretty easy to figure out who the defense lawyer in the case is by asking the lawyer you believe handles cases for that defendant.  There is a handful of defense attorneys that specialize in truck accident cases.  If so, notifying that attorney is the same thing as notifying the defendant. 
  • Both Maryland and federal regulations require trucking companies to maintain records of logs of how many hours the driver slept before driving, employee records (including drug testing), vehicle safety regulations and a host of other records. In too many of these cases, these records are awful. Companies are trying to hire low-cost carriers.  To keep costs low, many companies cut safety corners.  
  • This spoliation letter is important.  But keep in mind that federal regulations also prescribe mandatory record retention. Driver logs and supporting documents must be retained for six months pursuant to 49 C.F.R. §395.8(k)(1). Driver vehicle inspection reports must be kept for 90-days (49 C.F.R. §396.11(c)(2). Vehicle inspection, repair, and maintenance records must be maintained for one year and for 6 months after the motor vehicle leaves the motor carrier's control (49 C.F.R. §396.3(c)
Here are some other resources truck accident lawyers looking for help writing a spoliation letter have found helpful. 

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