Maryland Insurance Code Annotated § 19-513 (2006)

§ 19-513. Limitations on recovery of benefits

(a) Effect of section. - This section does not prohibit a nonprofit health service plan or an authorized insurer, with the approval of the Commissioner, from providing medical, hospital, and disability benefits in connection with motor vehicle accidents.

(b) Duplicate and supplemental benefits prohibited. - Notwithstanding any other provision of this subtitle, a person may not recover benefits under the coverages described in §§ 19-504, 19-505, 19-509, and 19-512 of this subtitle from more than one motor vehicle liability insurance policy or insurer on a duplicative or supplemental basis. (Note: this answers the question of whether you can stack insurance policies in Maryland.)

(c) Payment of benefits - Coverage under subtitle in effect.

  1. The insurer of a motor vehicle for which the coverage described in § 19-505 of this subtitle is in effect shall pay the benefits described in § 19-505 of this subtitle to an individual who is injured in a motor vehicle accident:
    1. while occupying the insured motor vehicle; or
    2. by the insured motor vehicle as a pedestrian, while in, on, or alighting from a vehicle powered by animal or muscular power, or while on or alighting from an animal.
  2. An insurer may not pay benefits under paragraph (1) of this subsection to an individual who is in violation of §17-103 of the Transportation Article.

(d) Same -- Coverage under subtitle not in effect. --

  1. The insurer under a policy that contains the coverages described in §§ 19-505 and 19-509 of this subtitle shall pay the benefits described in §§ 19-505 and 19-509 to an individual insured under the policy who is injured in a motor vehicle accident:
    1. while occupying a motor vehicle for which the coverages described in §§ 19-505 and 19-509 of this subtitle are not in effect; or
    2. by a motor vehicle for which the coverages described in §§ 19-505 and 19-509 of this subtitle are not in effect as a pedestrian, while in, on, or alighting from a vehicle powered by animal or muscular power, or while on or alighting from an animal.
  2. Benefits payable under paragraph (1) of this subsection shall be reduced to the extent of any medical or disability benefits coverage that is:
    1. applicable to the motor vehicle for which the coverages described in §§ 19-505 and 19-509 of this subtitle are not in effect; and
    2. collectible from the insurer of that motor vehicle.

(e) Reduction due to workers' compensation benefits. - Benefits payable under the coverages described in §§ 19-505 and 19-509 of this subtitle shall be reduced to the extent that the recipient has recovered benefits under the workers' compensation laws of a state or the federal government for which the provider of the workers' compensation benefits has not been reimbursed.

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