Maryland Tort Claims Act Lawsuits

Maryland Tort Claims Act

The Maryland Tort Claims ("MTCA") Act requires that personal injury victim submit a written claim to the Treasurer or designee of the treasurer within one year after the injury to person or property that is the basis of the claim. To comply with the Maryland Tort Claims Act, a plaintiff must serve written notice upon the State Treasurer, or a designee of the State Treasurer, within one year following the injury."

One Year Rule

Notice must be given in one year for claims arising on or after Oct 1, 2015.  (For claims before that date, the notice was 180 days.)  This one-year rule to provide notice is not as strictly enforced as the statute of limitations and there are instances where a Maryland court will that while plaintiffs did not satisfy the "actual compliance" standard of the MTCA, there was "substantial compliance" sufficient to satisfy this notice provision. So while there may have been technically defective compliance with a statutory requirement, the situation and the notice that was provided was sufficient compliance with the MTCA requirements to allow the lawsuit to proceed. But substantial compliance is in the eye of the beholder. Do you think being a few days late is substantial compliance? While logic might call it substantial compliance, Maryland courts do not.

Other Notice Requirements

The notice must be in writing and state, in general terms, the nature and basis of the claim. Lawyers or victims drafting the notice should provide a concise statement of the underlying facts of the claim such as the date and place of the alleged negligent act. It should give the name and address of the relevant parties and their attorneys. You are also expected to put in a demand. Will the court nix the case of something like not having a demand in your letter? Probably not. In fact, the Maryland Court of Appeals has held that literal compliance with § 12-106 and §12-107 of the State Government Article is not required. But there is not a lot of wisdom in tempting fate either.

Caps on Damage

In 2015, the Maryland General Assembly doubled the damage cap in Maryland Tort Claims Act was to $400,000 per victim, $800,000 per incident. The effective date of this cap increase was October 1, 2015. Is this still an unfair cap? Absolutely. How do you tell a spouse or parent that their loss is worth only $400,000? But it was a hard fought win in Annapolis to get this cap increased and hopefully they will increase the MTCA pain and suffering cap in the future to match Maryland's general damage cap.

Attorneys' Fees

Under Maryland Tort Claims Act, personal injury attorneys representing plaintiffs against the state and its employees must charge a reduced fee. The maximum fee is 20% of a settlement or 25% of a judgment. To be sure, this is good news for some victims. Is this law written to help personal injury victims? Of course not. The practical effect is that many victims cannot find a lawyer willing to represent them.

Who is Covered?

The state of Maryland and state employees or officials who are paid by the Central Payroll Bureau in the Office of the Comptroller of the Treasury are covered if they commit a tort in their function as a state employee. The statute also covers employees or officials, including:

  • Maryland Transportation Authority
  • Maryland Stadium Authority
  • Maryland Environmental Service
  • Overseas programs of the University College of the University System of Maryland
  • Maryland Economic Development Corporation
  • Maryland Technology Development Corporation
  • Maryland African American Museum Corporation
  • Maryland Automobile Insurance Fund (also calling themselves Maryland Auto Insurance)
  • Maryland Health and Higher Educational Facilities Authority
  • Maryland Agricultural and Resource-Based Industry Development Corporation
  • Somers Cove Marina Commission
  • Maryland Underground Facilities Damage Prevention Authority
  • Maryland Clean Energy Center
  • A person who is a member of a State board, commission, or similar State entity or is providing a service to or for the State
  • Students in state schools who are providing services to third parties in the course of participation in an approved clinical training or academic program
  • A sheriff or deputy sheriff of a county or Baltimore City
  • An employee of a county who is assigned to a local department of social services
  • A State's Attorney of a county or Baltimore City, or an employee of an office of a State's Attorney
  • Members of board of license commissioners of a county or Baltimore City appointed under the provisions of the Alcoholic Beverages Article, or an employee of a board of license commissioners
  • Member of a local board of elections, or an employee of a local board of elections
  • Aa judge of a circuit court of a county or Baltimore City, or an employee of a circuit court
  • A judge of an orphans' court of a county or Baltimore City, or an employee of an orphans' court
  • To the extent of a nonprofit organization's activities as a third party payee, and to the extent the nonprofit organization has no other insurance for this purpose, a nonprofit organization that has been approved by the Department of Human Resources or its designee to serve as a third-party payee for purposes of providing temporary cash assistance, transitional assistance, or child-specific benefits to Family Investment Program recipients
  • A student, faculty, or staff member of an institution of higher education who is providing a service under the Family Investment Program
Hiring a Maryland Tort Claims Act Lawyer

If you have suffered an injury in an automobile or truck accident or as the result of a negligent act of a government employee and want to consider a lawsuit or a claim for an out-of-court settlement, call one of our lawyers at 800-553-8082 or click here for a free no obligation Internet consultation.

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