This page gives both lawyers and accident victims a better idea of what to expect when dealing with State Farm. This insurance company will fight to pay out as little for your claim as possible. But you can win your insurance claim against State Farm if you know their weak spots when negotiating a settlement amount. Beat them and get the best possible settlement (or verdict) for your insurance claim.
State Farm Accident Claims
State Farm is the largest auto insurance company in the country, boasting 17% of the market share. Founded in 1922, it has 19,000 agents and 83 million car, fire, life, and health policies across the United States and Canada. State Farm is the second-largest auto insurance carrier in Maryland (behind GEICO). Our Maryland auto accident attorneys have handled thousands of claims with State Farm throughout the state. State Farm is one of the insurance carriers that we deal with most often and we have a developed a long track record of success against them.
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State Farm is not our favorite defendant. Historically, it is the most likely insurance company in Maryland to force a case to go to trial. Our primary complaint with State Farm is that it does not offer fair settlement values to resolve claims without filing lawsuits.
Still, there are a few nice things about dealing with this insurer. In first party uninsured and underinsured motorist cases, it will write a check for the last settlement offer it makes before trial. It is also quick to pay excess verdicts that are over its policy limits if its insured is sued.
Finally, the company's claim process is fairly efficient, at least in Maryland and the District of Columbia. It will respond quickly to requests for the status of demand packages and will typically generate a settlement offer faster than most other insurance companies.State Farm’s First Settlement Offer
It is hard to make blanket generalizations on dealing with State Farm for settlement. Certainly, if you are dealing with State Farm Team 21 or State Farm Team 22, the two auto claims units in Maryland that deal with less severe injury cases, you are not very likely to receive a settlement amount that approximates the fair value of your bodily injury claim. In one trial, we were able to win our client a verdict that was 35 times State Farm’s settlement offer. Our lawyers have won verdicts against State Farm that far exceed the insurance policy limits.
Other traffic accident claims with State Farm vary more from adjuster to adjuster. Some adjusters are eager to try to settle accident claims for a fair value. Others are more difficult, and you will need to file a lawsuit to get a reasonable settlement or verdict.
Settlement offers from State Farm in Maryland cases almost invariably increase—often more than doubling or tripling—as litigation proceeds.
There are some reasons our lawyers believe this occurs. State Farm's pain and suffering calculator comes up light in the hands of their insurance claims adjusters. But think State Farm’s in-house lawyers–with exceptions—tend to be more reasonable than its insurance adjusters.
That enhanced reasonableness stems in part from having to try the case to a jury as opposed to simply sitting in an office. Additionally, the value of cases invariably rises when the insurance company realizes that the injury victim is not going to accept the offered settlement payout just to avoid a lawsuit.
The value of these actions also increases as the trial date gets closer because, like every insurance company, State Farm takes a more critical look at their arguments and the real quality of the claim. The lawyer handling the case gives more direct legal advice to the claims adjuster about the risk of trial. Expect more pragmatism, too. It is not uncommon over the course of litigation for this carrier to admit their driver’s responsibility after previously denying fault.
Below are examples of first settlement offers along with the cost of the client's medical bills. All are taken from Miller & Zois cases. This data gives you some insight into how much money you might get if you are looking to settle your case quickly.
Essentially, you are going to have a hard time getting a fair value without suing State Farm first. Often, the offer is not much more than the victim's medical expenses, leaving nothing for the worst harm in the case: pain and suffering.
|First Offer||Medical Bills|
State Farm, like most insurance companies, uses a computer system called TEACH to determine the money damages of personal injury accident claims. This claims software is similar to Allstate's claim adjustment software, Colossus. That program is basically a pain and suffering calculator that is poorly calibrated. It regularly produces settlement value ranges that are far below the fair value of claims.
This payout calculator software evaluates an injury victim’s medical records then decides how much treatment it thinks was necessary for their accident and the fair value of that treatment. On top of this, this calculator adds any past or future wage loss, as well as its opinion of the value of the victim’s pain and suffering. This insurance company, in our opinion, usually undervalues all of these categories.
You almost invariably need to file a lawsuit to recover future lost wages or medical bills from this insurance carrier. This is partly due to the company's unwillingness to pay a fair value for the claim, but there is a practical reason, too: State Farm wants to see the evidence more clearly, which happens in the “discovery” period after a lawsuit is filed.
Insurance companies also use the trial records of the lawyers who are bringing the action as a value driver. This is only true, however, for some adjusters.
In the post-COVID-19 era, expect State Farm to get a lot worse. Our lawyers are hearing that a new policy has been announced that State Farm will be reducing MVA bills based on the Medicare payment schedule/rate. So if Johns Hopkins says you owe them $20,000 but Medicare only pays $10,000 for the same treatment, you will only get $10,000 in your offer for that treatment.
This is insane and it going to lead to even more lawsuits. Reportedly, when they announced this news to the claims adjusters during the coronavirus pandemic, State Farm acknowledged that they know that this is going to cause increased litigation.
Most State Farm lawsuits in Maryland are defended by two law firms: The Law Offices of Timothy S. Smith & Associates in Greenbelt and H. Barritt Peterson, Jr. & Associates in Towson. Though their names suggest that they are private counsel, all of the lawyers in these firms State Farm employees. These are good, reasonable lawyers, but they will fight plaintiffs' lawsuits vigorously to defend the company's interests. State Farm sends larger cases that may exceed the insurance policy limits to private lawyers who are not company employees.
State Farm Frequently Asked Questions
One State Farm Drive
P.O. Box 953
Frederick, Maryland 21705-0953
10825 Reisterstown Road
Owings Mills, Maryland 21117
9525 Harford Road
Baltimore, Maryland 21234
Wilmington Operations Center
3540 Old Capital Trail
P. O. Box 5070
Wilmington, Delaware 19808
20 East Timonium Road, Suite 101
Timonium, Maryland 21093-3457
These are frequently asked State Farm claims questions our Maryland accident lawyers get from victims.
You should expect an unreasonable first offer from State Farm.
Many adjusters do not try to justify or explain their offers at all. State Farm will deny liability or reduce the value of accident claims using the following scapegoats:
- Blaming your injuries on a previous health problem, even when you have fully recovered;
- Claiming your medical bills are too high. State Farm will say that a hospital’s bills were too high and that they gave you unnecessary treatment;
- Claiming that you were never hurt in the first place. Or, if you were injured, you are better now and are just pretending that you are not;
- It is just not worth that much. I can't tell you how many cases we have had with State Farm where we agree on everything except what the compensation for the case should be.
Chris Paul is right. State Farm agents are efficient. Its insurance adjusters are, too. This insurer does not take long to make a settlement offer. You can expect an offer from State Farm within 30-45 days of sending in a complete demand package, sometimes sooner. It also gets settlement checks out quickly when a case does resolve.
Filing suit often increases their settlement offer. This insurer is far more willing to spend legal costs in civil discovery by taking depositions before increasing their offer substantially.
But our Maryland car crash attorneys frequently get a phone call with a last-minute offer just before trial that is far higher than its original valuation. Still, State Farm is the most likely insurance company to go to trial even though it risks receiving a verdict that far exceeds the value of an insurance policy.
How bold this carrier will be depends on what the sticking point in the case is. If the dispute is over liability—who caused the collision—this insurer will often stick to its guns. If the dispute is over how much money the agreed upon injuries are worth, this company will rarely allow the case to go to trial, at least in Maryland. But suing State Farm is sometimes required to get a reasonable settlement offer.
State Farm threatens to go to trial so that attorneys will take a low settlement. Many attorneys only experienced in settling cases will be unwilling to go to trial. This strategy also works because many victims try to handle their claims themselves, without a personal injury attorney.
State Farm will usually pay on personal injury claims that exceed the policy limits. What will happen in an excess verdict situation depends on the facts of that particular case. Here in Maryland, State Farm usually does stand behind its insured if a verdict exceeds their policy limits.
If you file suit against State Farm in an underinsured/uninsured motorist case in Maryland, they will often send you a check for the last offer they made, which operates as a set-off for any verdict you get against them. This is a very reasonable policy that helps victims.
But is it a "good neighbor" in terms of how much money they offer for an uninsured motorist claim? It is not.
You always need a good Maryland personal injury lawyer in any serious injury or wrongful death case. There is too much at stake, and the range of the values is just too great not to have an advocate fighting for you.
In smaller whiplash cases you might not need a lawyer, depending on the case. But with this insurance company, you are probably always better off hiring a lawyer if you want to maximize the value of your case.
You can also contact State Farm using their mobile app which is easy enough to download and a good way to get the claim status on property damage claims. You can also call 1-800-SF-CLAIMS.
State Farm may pay your medical bills directly through a PIP policy in Maryland. But they will not pay your medical bills directly if you are bringing a claim against their insured or an uninsured motorist claim.
The below verdicts and settlements are mostly clients of Miller & Zois in the Baltimore-Washington area. Our lawyers have scattered in a few other settlement stories as well.
Our law firm provides these examples to give you one more weapon in your arsenal to determine the expected settlement payout for your bodily injury claim.
But take these with a grain of salt. If your case looks EXACTLY like one of these cases, the outcome will not necessarily be the same. There is too much additional information not included in these summaries that could be the critical ingredient in the outcome. There are too many variables that impact the settlement value of cases with State Farm.
- 2020: $250,000 Settlement. Our client, a delightful woman, was rear-ended at a stop sign in Clarksville causing her to smash into the vehicle in front of her. She had significant prior cervical complications before the crash that were clearly exacerbated by the accident. After conservative treatment failed, she had a cervical fusion. State Farm argued her preexisting conditions were the real cause. So we sued State Farm. But they relented and paid the full uninsured motorist policy limit of $250,000 before trial.
- 2019, Maryland: $100,000 Verdict The plaintiff is on Edmonson Ave near Winans Way when the defendant driver attempts to make a left turn in front of him causing a collision. The defendant, insured by State Farm, contests liability for the accident, claiming she turned left on a green arrow signal. Both sides agree to a stipulated verdict of $100,000, at policy limits, and the case proceeds to trial on the issue of liability. The jury ends up awarding $30,000 to the defendant and $70,000 to the plaintiff.
- 2018, Maryland: $104,000 Verdict The plaintiff is struck by another motorist and suffers various unspecified personal injuries. She settles with the other driver for policy limits of $30,000 and then seeks UIM benefits from her own insurance company, State Farm. The insurer disputes liability, causation, and the extent of the alleged injuries. State Farm also claims that the plaintiff was contributorily negligent. The case proceeds to trial and the jury returns a verdict for the plaintiff in the amount of $104k.
- 2018, Maryland: $120,000 Verdict The plaintiff stops for a red light and is violently rear-ended by an uninsured motorist. The plaintiff reports injuries including L5-S1 disc herniations with radiculopathy, requiring surgery and resulting in intermittent numbness and an 18% disability rating. The plaintiff's insurer, State Farm, refuses to pay his UIM benefits, claiming that his injuries were pre-existing. The case goes to trial, and the jury awards $120k.
- 2017, Maryland: $99,000 Verdict The plaintiff, insured by State Farm, reportedly suffers a foot fracture, breast abrasion, post-traumatic stress disorder, and unspecified injuries to her knees, back, face, and lip when another driver makes a turn in front of her, causing a collision. The plaintiff settles with the negligent driver for the policy limit of $100,000 and then pursues an "underinsured" motorist claim. State Farm refuses to settle, arguing that the plaintiff's $100,000 settlement with the driver had already fully compensated her for her injuries. The case goes to trial and a jury awards $99,000. In practical terms, this means the victim, who already has $100,000 in their pocket, gets nothing from the verdict. (We discuss this further below.)
- 2017, Maryland: $114,000 Verdict The plaintiff is driving on Route 40 West when the defendant allegedly runs a red light and hits him, causing major injuries over the plaintiff's entire body. State Farm disputes the extent and cause of the plaintiff's alleged injuries and the case proceeds to trial. The jury awards $114k in total damages.
- 2016, Oregon: $280,000 Settlement A 31-year-old woman is rear-ended by an underinsured motorist. She suffers a permanent neck injury, requiring C3-4 artificial disc surgery. She brings an action against State Farm who has coverage via her UIM benefits. She demands the policy limits of $100,000, but the case proceeds to arbitration where is she awarded more than double.
- 2016, Virginia: $1,220,000 Settlement A 36-year-old man is on a motorcycle when another driver turns left at an intersection where left turns are illegal. The collision knocks the man off of his motorcycle, causing multiple open fractures of his left leg. The injuries require multiple surgeries to attempt to repair the damage, but he still suffers strength and range of motion deficits. State Farm, the other driver's insurer, negotiates a $1,220,000 settlement before litigation.
- 2015, Maryland: $450,000 Verdict A husband and wife are on their way home when they are violently rear-ended by the defendant. The husband sustains a humerus fracture of his non-dominant arm, requiring a closed reduction. The wife’s injuries are much worse. She suffers a torn rotator cuff of her dominant shoulder, requiring two surgeries and an eventual shoulder replacement, permanently reducing her range of motion. She additionally sustains a lumbar compression fracture, also requiring surgery. She needs extensive treatment and is unable to drive. Her husband is unable to return to his post-retirement job to care for his wife. The suit is filed against State Farm, the defendant’s insurer, and the plaintiff's UIM carrier, GEICO. The defendant is found at fault in the trial. A jury awards the wife $84,464, in past medical bills, with $291,600 in past and future non-economic. The husband is awarded $8,051 for past medical care, $14,000 in lost wages, and $50,000 in past and future non-economic damages. The total award is $448,116 which is reduced to the available limits of $100,000, though it is unclear why. State Farm usually pays judgments that go over the insurance policy. It has done this with some Miller & Zois cases that exceeded the policy. The plaintiff's counsel may have agreed beforehand to settle for policy limits.
- 2015, New York: $260,000 Settlement. A 50-year-old man is working when he slips and falls due to work debris at the defendant's home. He suffers an ankle fracture and undergoes an open reduction and internal fixation. He cannot return to work. The jury finds the defendant 90% at fault and State Farm negotiates a $260,000 settlement.
- Sample interrogatories from State Farm
- Auto accident injury FAQs
- Value of your case by injury
- Value of case by type of crash
- Case values in different Maryland counties
- Do you need a lawyer?
- Property damage claims
- Sample demand letter
If you have been injured in a motor vehicle accident and the at-fault driver is insured by State Farm, or if you are filing an uninsured motorist claim against this insurance carrier and you have a question about your claim, call our State Farm accident attorneys at 800-553-8082 or go online for a free case evaluation.