COVID-19 Notice: We are providing FREE consultations by phone or video for your safety & convenience. Learn More »
Super Lawyers
Justia Lawyer Rating for Ronald V. Miller Jr.
Best Law Firms
Avvo Rating - 10
Million Dollar Advocates Forum
Litigator Awards

Brain Injuries in Accidents

Brain injuries from automobile accidents is a leading cause of death and serious injury in Maryland.

The destruction caused by brain injuries in car accidents is a surprise to no one. Our brain is the center of our body's neurological function. Our brain controls and coordinates all of our body's essential actions and reactions. This includes so many things we take for granted every day like the nerves and nerve impulses from our brain that tell us to move, eat, breathe, and maintain normal cardiac function. When this is disturbed by a TBI or other brain insult, the results can be catastrophic.

Our law firm has handled scores of brain injury car and truck accident cases. This page discusses these claims and our view on how they should be handled.

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury ClaimsBrain Injuries

Symptoms of a traumatic brain injury can be mild, moderate, or severe, depending on the extent of the damage to the brain. Some symptoms appear immediately while others do not surface until some time after the accident. A person with a mild traumatic brain injury may also feel dazed or out of sorts for days or even weeks after the initial injury. Other symptoms of a mild brain injury include a headache, light-headedness, mild confusion or memory loss, dizziness, blurred vision or tired eyes, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, and mood or behavioral changes.

The problem with the phrase mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) is that these injuries can sometimes be anything but mild. You have to remember that the brain is not much harder than Jell-O. The brain is 70-80% water. In a crash, it moves within the skull, bouncing off the hard and sharp bony ridges on the base the skull. The patient's brain injury is often caused by the movement of the patient's brain inside the skull. So when an acceleration and deceleration happens quickly, our brain is shaking in your head such that the front of your brain hits the skull, and then the back of your brain hits the skull.

That can cause a real injury. Early MTBI symptoms may at first appear mild - we have clients that do not know that they are badly hurt - but lead to significant, life-long impairment in a person physically, cognitively, and psychologically. It is not a lawyer generated theory that mild traumatic brain injuries can cause permanent injury. It is a medical fact that it occurs in approximately 15% of MTBI cases. But the medical definition of mild is different from the ones we use as lay people.

Defining Mild Traumatic Brain Injury for a Jury

Plaintiff goes first by giving an opening statement. It is critical that the jury is fully prepared for the fact that the definition of a mild traumatic brain injury - according to all of the experts that will testify on both sides - can include injuries that can shatter a person's life. It sets the jury straight and embarrasses the defense lawyer into not trying to overplay the word "mild" when describing the injury. You need to give them one more fact to put MTBI in context: mild traumatic brain injuries cost the country $17 billion each year.

Severe Traumatic Brain Injury

A person that has suffered a more serious traumatic brain injury typically presents with more immediate symptoms, including memory loss, seizures, slurred speech, loss of consciousness, coordination deficiencies, and erratic emotions or mood swings. Because head injuries are the most serious injuries you can suffer in an automobile accident, any suspicion of a brain injury necessitates emergency medical care.

Serious traumatic brain injury car and truck accident cases are more likely to cause lifelong harm than MTBI accident claims. Why do we spend more time talking about these "mild" brain injuries as opposed to the more severe? With a more severe injury, there are fewer insane arguments from defense lawyers. These cases are still a complex challenge to piece together. But you do start off settlement negotiations or jury trials in serious TBI cases with a presumption from the insurance adjuster or jury that this is a serious problem that can have life-altering consequences.

Brain Injuries in Car and Truck Accidents

According to the Brain Injury Association of Maryland, 40% of over 5,000 traumatic brain injuries in Maryland every year are from auto, truck, and bike accidents. A brain injury in a car crash typically occurs from a violent blow to the head when the driver or a passenger's head collides with an inflexible object, usually the steering wheel, side door or window, or windshield of the car. As you might expect, brain injuries are more common in head-on or side-impact car accidents than in rear-end auto accidents.

Other Issues Dealing with Brain Injury Claims

In litigation, the defense lawyers generally push the argument that the brain injury is not as serious is the plaintiff's attorney is arguing. One big weapon they are often given in these cases to push this narrative is the fact that the brain injury was not immediately diagnosed. But delayed diagnosis does not mean the patient does not have a brain injury. There are many explanations as to why a brain injury may not be immediately diagnosed. Often, the patient's symptoms are not noticed or do not become manifest until well after the crash.

Why is this? Often, the doctors are dialed in on other more obvious injuries. Often these patients are giving pain medication which doctors misattribute to the drug's effects. Most commonly, the onset of brain injury symptoms is delayed and later the patient symptoms such as seizures, loss of memory, and sleep or learning issues.

Defense attorneys also jump on a brain injury plaintiff's good days. In other words, the lawyer will seek to get the jury to judge the victim by her best day. The reality is -- and there is a lot of science to back this up -- daily variability in functioning and symptom severity is common following traumatic brain injury. So some days will be days

Other Issues Dealing with Brain Injury Claims

For personal injury lawyers in Maryland handling serious brain injury cases, there are practical litigation issues that also need to be considered in these cases. Often, the injured victim needs a next friend or guardian, usually a parent, spouse, or adult child to act on their behalf with a limited or durable power of attorney. This is because the brain injury patient may have the ability to reason or make judgments regarding the administration of their personal injury case and more fundamental details of personal financial decisions and management. (This is also true in medical malpractice cases for birth injuries - particularly CP - not caused by trauma.)

Our attorneys assist our clients not only in dealing with their personal injury case against the negligent driver but also in the helping the victim and their family with the legal and administrative details they will certainly face.

Verdicts in Maryland Brain Injury Cases

In Maryland, there have been a few recent verdicts with favorable outcomes for plaintiffs. Keep in mind that the only settlements on here are ours. Most of the good cases settle long before trial.

  • 2014: Jury Verdict in Maryland for $340,000. Plaintiff suffered a mild TBI injury. He largely walked away from the accident but later had problems with his memory. GEICO denied he had any brain injury at all and argued the guy was faking the whole thing. The pre-trial offer was $0. Miller & Zois handled this case.
  • 2012, Maryland: $257,002 Verdict. A motorist receives a mild traumatic brain injury in a crash, as well as a few broken ribs and back pain. The defendant, the uninsured motorist insurer, admitted coverage and liability but disputed the extent of brain injury.
  • 2010, Maryland: $295,156 Verdict. A Baltimore County jury returned a verdict for a driver who was rear-ended at a stop light. He received a mild traumatic brain injury and an exacerbation of his attention deficit disorder.
  • 2010, Maryland: $300,000 Verdict. An MRI revealed that an auto accident victim suffered a mild traumatic brain injury. Plaintiff proved her condition using expert testimony, and a Prince George’s County jury awarded her past and future medical bills and permanent pain and suffering.
Hiring a Lawyer for a Brain Injury Claim

One thing is for sure: hiring a lawyer for a brain injury case is different from hiring a lawyer for a general, garden variety personal injury case. You need a law firm that has handled these claims and has tried those cases - preferably successfully - to a verdict. We are that firm. If you have a case in Maryland and you want someone who knows the science of these cases and how to take them to trial, call 800-553-8082 or get a free online consultation here.

More Brain Injury Information and Cases We Handle
Client Reviews
They quite literally worked as hard as if not harder than the doctors to save our lives. Terry Waldron
Ron helped me find a clear path that ended with my foot healing and a settlement that was much more than I hope for. Aaron Johnson
Hopefully I won't need it again but if I do, I have definitely found my lawyer for life and I would definitely recommend this office to anyone! Bridget Stevens
The last case I referred to them settled for $1.2 million. John Selinger
I am so grateful that I was lucky to pick Miller & Zois. Maggie Lauer
The entire team from the intake Samantha to the lawyer himself (Ron Miller) has been really approachable. Suzette Allen
The case settled and I got a lot more money than I expected. Ron even fought to reduce how much I owed in medical bills so I could get an even larger settlement. Nchedo Idahosa