Below is the Maryland PIP statute. The most important thing you need to know is that there is a one-year statute of limitations on PIP claims in Maryland. Insurance companies here make millions of dollars a year because people do make valid PIP claims within this one year period.
Maryland is specifically not a no-fault state. But PIP insurance is almost mandatory and over 95% of our clients have PIP insurance.
§ 19-508. Same - Payment of benefits
- In general. -
- Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, an insurer shall make all payments of the benefits described in § 19-505 of this subtitle periodically as claims for the benefits arise and within 30 days after the insurer receives satisfactory proof of claim.
- A policy that contains the coverage described in § 19-505 of this subtitle may:
- set a period of not less than 12 months after the date of the motor vehicle accident within which the original claim for benefits must be filed with the insurer; and
- provide that if, after a lapse in the period of total disability or in the medical treatment of an injured individual who has received benefits under that coverage, the individual claims additional benefits based on an alleged recurrence of the injury for which the original claim for benefits was made, the insurer may require reasonable medical proof of the alleged recurrence.
- The aggregate benefits payable to an individual under this subsection may not exceed the maximum limits stated in the policy.
- Notice to insured. -
- When an insurer that provides the benefits described in § 19-505 of this subtitle receives written notice from an insured of the occurrence of a motor vehicle accident for which benefits may be available under § 19-505 of this subtitle, the insurer shall notify the insured by mail of the latest date on which a claim may be filed for benefits under § 19-505 of this subtitle as provided in subsection (a)(2)(i) of this section.
- An insurer is not required under paragraph (1) of this subsection to send any notice to the insured as to any first party claim for benefits other than the benefits under § 19-505 of this subtitle.
- Interest on overdue payments. - Payments of benefits that are not made in accordance with this section and that are overdue shall bear simple interest at the rate of 1.5% per month.(Our note: Too many lawyers fail to hold insurance companies accountable to pay this interest. Many insurance companies routinely fail to pay covered PIP claims, including claims for medical expenses and lost income, within the thirty-day statutory period
More on PIP in Maryland
Always keep in mind the purpose of Maryland's PIP law. This is a very pro-victim statute. This law is to get people paid quickly for injuries regardless of who is at fault for the crash. Section 19-508 is specifically aimed at promoting the timely payment of benefits. It provides that “an insurer shall make all payments of the benefits described in §19-505 of this subtitle periodically as claims for the benefits arise and within 30 days after the insurer receives satisfactory proof of claim.” Md. Code Ann., Ins. §9-508(a)(1). Subsection (c) adds teeth to the statute, providing that “[p]ayments of benefits that are not made in accordance with this section and that are overdue shall bear simple interest at the rate of 1.5% per month.” Id. §19-508(c). Years ago, there were a number of class action lawsuits filed in Maryland against companies like MAIF and Travelers for failing to pay interest on overdue PIP payments. These claims had mixed results.