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Maryland PIP Statute of Limitations § 19-508 (2022)

Below is one of the key Maryland PIP statutes to bring a no-fault claim on a Maryland car insurance policy. 

The most important thing you need to know is that there is a one-year statute of limitations on PIP claims in Maryland. Insurance companies save make millions of dollars a year because Marylanders do not make valid PIP-fault claims within one-year deadline. You do not need to file a lawsuit in one year but you have to make a claim, as the PIP statute below explains. 

Is Maryland a No-Fault State for Car Accidents?

Maryland is not a no-fault state. But PIP insurance is almost mandatory and over 95% of our clients have PIP insurance. So while Maryland is not a no-fault state, Maryland PIP insurance is an important part of compensation in motor vehicle accident cases.

§ 19-508. Same - Payment of benefits

  1. In general. -
    1. Subject to paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, an insurer shall make all payments of the benefits described in § 19-505 [Maryland main PIP statute] of this subtitle periodically as claims for the benefits arise and within 30 days after the insurer receives satisfactory proof of claim.
    2. A policy that contains the coverage described in § 19-505 of this subtitle may:
      1. set a period of not less than 12 months after the date of the motor vehicle accident within which the original claim for benefits must be filed with the insurer; and
      2. provide that if, after a lapse in the period of total disability or in the medical treatment of an injured individual who has received benefits under that coverage, the individual claims additional benefits based on an alleged recurrence of the injury for which the original claim for benefits was made, the insurer may require reasonable medical proof of the alleged recurrence.
    3. The aggregate benefits payable to an individual under this subsection may not exceed the maximum limits stated in the policy.
  2. Notice to insured. -
    1. When an insurer that provides the benefits described in § 19-505 of this subtitle receives written notice from an insured of the occurrence of a motor vehicle accident for which benefits may be available under § 19-505 of this subtitle, the insurer shall notify the insured by mail of the latest date on which a claim may be filed for benefits under § 19-505 of this subtitle as provided in subsection (a)(2)(i) of this section.
    2. An insurer is not required under paragraph (1) of this subsection to send any notice to the insured as to any first party claim for benefits other than the benefits under § 19-505 of this subtitle.
    3. Interest on overdue payments. - Payments of benefits that are not made in accordance with this section and that are overdue shall bear simple interest at the rate of 1.5% per month. (Our note: Too many Baltimore car accident lawyers fail to hold insurance companies accountable to pay this interest. Many insurance companies routinely fail to pay covered PIP claims within this deadline, including claims for medical expenses and lost income, within the thirty-day statutory period. 
Maryland Case Law on PIP Statue §19-508

There is only one Maryland appellate opinion that addresses this §19-508 personal injury protection statute. It is not really on point to the issues our lawyer are talking about with this statute. 

 In Daughton v. MAIF, 98 Md.App. 524 (2011), the insured brought a lawsuit against MAIF (now "Maryland Auto Insurance") for interest payments on a late PIP claim.

The plaintiff did not file the claim within one year so he tried to find an implied cause of action under this statute. The Maryland Court of Special Appeals declined to find a private cause of action.

  • Our lawyers rarely need to file a PIP lawsuit because the insurance company usually sees the light. But, sometimes, they are so hard-headed they do not. Here is an example PIP lawsuit.
  • A video that explains how the Maryland PIP statutes work
What Do Victims Need to Know About §19-508 for Their Maryland PIP Claim?

Always keep in mind the purpose of Maryland's PIP law. This is a very pro-victim statute. This law is to get people paid quickly for injuries regardless of who is at fault for the crash.

Section 19-508's no-fault law is specifically aimed at promoting the timely payment of benefits. It provides that “an insurer shall make all payments of the benefits described in §19-505 of this subtitle periodically as claims for the benefits arise and within 30 days after the insurer receives satisfactory proof of claim.” Md. Code Ann., Ins. §9-508(a)(1).

You just have to make sure that you or your attorney makes this insurance claim within one year which is required by Maryland law and your insurance contract. (Please do not assume that COVID-19 will change this PIP statute of limitations deadline. File it within a year.)

Subsection (c) adds teeth to the statute, providing a deadline for paying victim's insurance claims:  "Payments of benefits that are not made in accordance with this section and that are overdue shall bear simple interest at the rate of 1.5% per month.” Id. §19-508(c).

Years ago, there were a number of class action lawsuits filed in Maryland against companies like MAIF and Travelers for failing to pay interest on overdue PIP payments. These no-fault had mixed results.

The one thing to remember is you really have to fight to get the no-fault money that you deserve. There are not many lawyers in Maryland interested in handling a PIP settlement claim denial or underpayment.  Unlike Florida, New York and some other jurisdictions, Maryland is not a no fault state. So the relative amount of PIP is so low that lawyers are not enticed to get involved in these disputes. 

So the insurance companies see this as a ripe area to take advantage of you and not pay you the money that you are entitled to get.

It is important when you look at statutes online you consider how current the law is. The no-fault law above is current entering 2022 Maryland legislative session.

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