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Distracted Driving

Car Accident

There are many ways that one can become distracted while driving. A driver’s mind may wander to the problems they have to face that day. They may reach for something in the passenger’s seat or look at something on the side of the road. Perhaps worst of all, they may try to read or send a text message, which causes them to take their thoughts, eyes, and hands away from the task of driving.

Distracted Driving by the Numbers

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration has defined four types of distracted driving:

  1. Visual distraction (e.g., looking away from the roadway)
  2. Auditory distraction (e.g., loud horn nearby or ringing cell phone)
  3. Biomechanical distraction (e.g., adjusting the dashboard controls or the overhead visor)
  4. Cognitive distraction (e.g., engaged in unrelated thought or mind-wandering)

Texting or otherwise using a cellphone while driving may qualify as all four types of distraction. If you are driving at 55 miles per hour and you take your eyes off the road for just 5 seconds to send a text, you will have traveled the length of a football field.

In 2018, 2,841 people were killed and 400,000 people were injured in accidents involving a distracted driver.1 The good news is that the number of people killed in distracted driver accidents is down from 3,450 in 2016.2 The bad news is that distracted driving still kills and injures thousands of people every year.

As many as 1 in 3 teens in the US admit to texting and driving at least once.3 However, all age groups are guilty of distracted driving and texting. Parents of the Millennial generation and older are all guilty of texting while driving.4 Older individuals too can be distracted by in-vehicle technology while driving because they struggle with the interfaces.5

Cellphones are also dangerous to pedestrians. Not only do distracted drivers collide with pedestrians, but pedestrians who are texting are less likely to look both ways before crossing the street.6

Is Texting While Driving Illegal in Maryland?
Distracted Driver

In Maryland, talking on the phone with a handheld device is prohibited, as is texting. The one exception is using a phone to call 911. This includes, even, checking messages when stopped at a red light.

Minor drivers with their learner’s permits or provisional licenses are not allowed to call at all, even if using a hands-free device. Headsets, earphones, and earplugs are also prohibited. Using GPS is allowed, but only if displayed properly.

A driver who causes serious bodily harm or death in an accident because they were talking on a handheld device or texting may go to prison for up to a year and be fined $5,000. These drivers may also be guilty of reckless and negligent driving or even of vehicular manslaughter.

Drivers who are found talking on the phone while driving can be given a ticket of up to $75 for a first offense. Minors under 18 found doing the same can have their licenses suspended for 90 days.

If you text and drive in Maryland, you are guilty of a misdemeanor and can be charged up to $500. This adds 1 point to your driving record. The 90-day suspension for minors likewise applies.

Are Distracted Driving Claims Different from Other Car Accident Claims?
textingchickcrash

If a jury sees that a driver was texting when they caused the accident that injured you, it is almost certain that you will win an award and that it will be higher than if your claim did not involve a distracted driver.

However, getting the fact that the other driver was texting into evidence and proving it is challenging. When a driver admits responsibility, under Maryland law, the fact that they were texting should not come into evidence.

Thus, a good defense lawyer will likely admit their client was at fault to avoid their texting from being revealed to the jury. However, there are a few evidentiary arguments that lawyers can make which have a chance at getting such evidence admitted at trial.

How Many Deaths are Caused by Texting and Driving in 2018?

The National Safety Council reported that in 2018, 349 out of 2,279 distracted-affected fatal crashes, about 13 percent, involved cell phone use.

How Many Deaths are Caused by Texting and Driving in Maryland?

The Maryland Highway Safety Office reported that 185 people die in Maryland each year as a result of distracted driving.

How Many People Die from Driving and Texting?

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that 434 people died as a result of accidents that involved cell-phone use in 2017.

What age Group Texts and Drives the Most?

A 2019 Liberty Mutual global driving survey found that around 86 percent of U.S. Millennials (born between 1981 and 1996) admitted to using their phone while driving. This compares to 72 percent of Gen X'ers (born between 1965 and 1980) and 49 percent of boomers (born between 1946 and 1964).

How Many Times more Likely are you to Crash While Texting?

A 2018 AAA report found that cell phone use increases the traffic accident risk between two to eight times compared to drivers who are not distracted by electronic devices.

How Many Deaths are Caused by Texting and Driving in 2017?

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that in 2017, 434 individuals died in cell phone-related accidents.

Who is Affected by Texting and Driving?

A 2019 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration survey found that more than half of cell phone-related fatal crashes involved drivers between the ages of 15 and 30.

Specifically, 16 percent were drivers between the ages of 15 and 19 years and 37 percent were drivers between the ages of 20 and 29 years.

Example Verdicts & Settlements
  • October 2019, Oregon: $6,700 Verdict A man is a passenger in a car driven by his son. They take an off-ramp from the highway and begin proceeding through a green light when they stop abruptly to avoid colliding with a car that is running the red light in the opposite direction. The car behind them, however, fails to stop and rear-ends them. As a result, the father suffers injuries to his neck, back, and shoulder. In his lawsuit against the rear-end driver, the father seeks the testimony of a distracted driver expert. The defendant, however, denies fault. Though he originally sought $250,000, the father is only awarded $6,700 for his medical expenses and non-economic damages.
  • September 2019, Pennsylvania: $200,000 Verdict The plaintiff is rear-ended by a distracted driver while stopped at a red light. The at-fault driver was looking down at his phone when he collided with the plaintiff. The plaintiff and his wife file against the driver, the plaintiff alleging pain & suffering, loss of income, and medical expenses, and the wife alleging loss of consortium. They also sue their insurer, GEICO, for refusing to pay underinsured motorist benefits. A jury awards $200K to the plaintiff.
  • May 2019, Oklahoma: $19,600 Settlement A father is driving with his two children. Another driver tailgates him while texting, and eventually, rear-ends the family’s car. He and the children suffer unspecified injuries and file a lawsuit against the at-fault driver, alleging negligence, negligence per se (violation of the law), and res ipsa loquitur (negligence inferred from nature of the accident). They settle with the defendant’s insurer, USAA, for a total of $19.6K, which is split between medical costs, attorney fees, and savings accounts for the two children.
  • April 2019, California: $12,000 Verdict (Judge reduced to $10,000) A 38-year-old firefighter is rear-ended while stopped at a red light. The at-fault driver was changing his radio dial, did not realize that the light had changed, and rear-ended the plaintiff. The plaintiff suffers herniated discs and other spinal injuries. He is awarded $12,000 by a jury, and the judge reduces the award to $10,000 to accommodate for a previous settlement.
Getting a Lawyer to Fight for You

The attorneys at Miller & Zois have won millions of dollars for car accident victims. We cannot undo the damage that reckless and distracted driving caused you. We can, however, help you win compensation that will help you pay for medical bills and lost wages, and compensate you for your pain and suffering. Call us at (800) 553-8082 or go online for a free consultation.

More ResourcesSupporting Literature
  1. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  2. Distracted Driving 2016,” National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2018.
  3. Texting/Emailing While Driving Among High School Students in 35 States, United States, 2015,” by Li Li et al., Journal of Adolescent Health, 2018.
  4. Patterns of Texting and Driving in a US National Survey of Millennial Parents vs Older Parents,” by Jennifer Gliklich et al., JAMA Pediatrics, 2019.
  5. Age-Related Differences in the Cognitive, Visual and Temporal Demands of In-Vehicle Information Systems,” AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety, 2019.
  6. Plight of the distracted pedestrian: a research synthesis and meta-analysis of mobile phone use on crossing behaviour,Injury Prevention, 2020.
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