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The Medical Malpractice Lawsuit Process in Maryland

If you call our attorneys to discuss a Maryland medical malpractice case, we will discuss the steps involved in bringing a malpractice claim in Maryland.

Steps to a Malpractice Lawsuit


Step 1: When you call our law office, you will be directed to our medical malpractice intake specialist. The intake specialist’s job is to get (1) your general information and (2) the details of your malpractice case.

The intake specialist makes an initial evaluation as to whether you may have a viable case. Many people call to report either (1) rude or insensitive behavior from a medical doctor, or (2) a negligent act from the physician that could have but did not cause the caller any injury. Both of these complaints are unfortunate. We sympathize because these types of problems can be very frustrating, but they are not sustainable malpractice claims.

Step 2: If you may have a medical negligence case, you are transferred to speak to a Maryland medical malpractice lawyer. We will answer any questions that you may have about your case and how these cases proceed. During this conversation, we will mutually decide whether our law firm should further investigate your case.

Step 3: If our law firm does agree to investigate your case, we will enter into an agreement with you that sets forth the work our malpractice lawyers will do for you and the method of compensation. Miller & Zois agrees to advance all costs, only to be repaid in the event of recovery, and to work on a contingent fee basis. In other words, our attorneys receive a percentage of the gross recovery. You lose nothing in the event there is no recovery.

Step 4: From here, our team will get a more detailed medical history from you, including the physicians and hospitals who have provided medical treatment to you. Our team then obtains all of your relevant medical records. In almost every case, these medical records – what they show and do not show – are the evidence that gives us the ability to determine whether you may have a viable claim.

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Step 5: If we believe you have a case after receiving from your medical history and reviewing the medical records, our attorneys consult with a physician in every medical malpractice case in Maryland. Medical experts must establish the standard of care in the medical community for treating a patient who presented similarly to the medical malpractice plaintiff.

The doctor must also testify in a malpractice claim in Maryland that there is a greater than 50% likelihood that your injuries would not have happened if your doctor had not committed medical malpractice.

Accordingly, before we bring a lawsuit against the doctor(s), our attorneys consult with doctors who are willing to offer their opinions as to whether he or she believes that medical malpractice has occurred. Because many local doctors will not give opinions for victims because they are regularly working with the doctors who we suspect of malpractice, we are often required to go outside of Maryland to find fair and impartial doctors who are willing to offer honest opinions.

Step 6: Unless we know it would be a waste of time, we seek first to settle your case before filing suit. Out-of-court settlements in medical error cases in Maryland are very rare. Why? Even if they think their physician is responsible for making a mistake, the malpractice insurance company wants to size up your claim before putting a dollar value on it.

Step 7: We file your lawsuit. For more on that process, click here.

Difference Between Medical Malpractice and Personal Injury

There are many differences to keep in mind when filing a medical malpractice lawsuit and a regular tort lawsuit in Maryland. Here are the 7 key differences:

  • In Maryland, you are first required to file your malpractice lawsuit – with an arbitration panel, instead of filing it in court. This process is not optional.
  • The claimant must also file a certificate of a qualified expert, within ninety days of the filing of the claim. Importantly, claims are rarely pursued in arbitration, because either party, typically the Plaintiff, can waive out of arbitration requirement, after the filing of a certificate of expert and report. Our lawyers file this simultaneously with their arbitration claim, so it will get to the court more quickly. The certificate must be from a qualified doctor in this area of medicine who can attest to (1) the breach of the standard of care, and (2) that the breach is the proximate cause of the harm caused. The doctor on the certificate may not spend more than 20% of his/her professional activities ton activities directly involving testimony in personal injury claims.
  • Maryland law also requires a certificate of a qualified expert and a report from the attesting expert. Many forests have been burned over what needs to be in this report and how it must differ from the certificate.
  • The cap on damages in medical malpractice cases for pain and suffering are lower than what you can obtain in other personal injury cases. In Maryland medical malpractice cases occurring in 2023, the maximum limit for noneconomic damages is $875,000. In wrongful death cases where two or more surviving family members are involved, the cap is set at $1,093,750. There is no limit on economic damages, which is why birth injury claims often have settlements and jury payouts well beyond the cap.
  • Medical bills can only be introduced if they were actually paid or were a cost to the victim. This change is under the Maryland collateral source rule and only applies to malpractice cases. In a regular tort claim, Plaintiffs can seek all of their medical bills, even if their insurance or some other source has paid them. Therefore, if you have $400,000 in medical bills, paid by your health insurance, and there is no lien, you can ask the jury for that full $400,000 in medical bills. In a malpractice claim, these damages cannot be claimed. The statute of limitations is different in Maryland medical malpractice claims, too. The most notable difference is that Maryland has a time limit on bringing a claim, even if the victim did not reasonably know that she/he had a claim.
  • You almost certainly need an expert in a medical malpractice case, if you want to survive summary judgment and get your case before a jury.

This is not the entire constellation of differences between malpractice cases and regular personal injury claims in Maryland. But these are the key differences you want to keep an eye on if you are bringing a medical negligence claim in Maryland.

Getting a Lawyer for Your Case

If you have been injured due to medical or hospital malpractice, call our Maryland hospital malpractice lawyers at 800-553-8082 or get a free consultation.

More Information on Medical Malpractice Claims in Maryland

Client Reviews
They quite literally worked as hard as if not harder than the doctors to save our lives. Terry Waldron
Ron helped me find a clear path that ended with my foot healing and a settlement that was much more than I hope for. Aaron Johnson
Hopefully I won't need it again but if I do, I have definitely found my lawyer for life and I would definitely recommend this office to anyone! Bridget Stevens
The last case I referred to them settled for $1.2 million. John Selinger
I am so grateful that I was lucky to pick Miller & Zois. Maggie Lauer
The entire team from the intake Samantha to the lawyer himself (Ron Miller) has been really approachable. Suzette Allen
The case settled and I got a lot more money than I expected. Ron even fought to reduce how much I owed in medical bills so I could get an even larger settlement. Nchedo Idahosa
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