Our lawyers are handling 3M earplug lawsuits in all 50 states. If you have a potential claim, do not delay. Call us at 800-553-8082.
Before we get to the meat of what the 3M Combat Arms earplug lawsuits are about, our attorneys first get you updated on the latest news in the 3M earplug litigation.
3M EARPLUG LAWSUIT UPDATES:
October 1, 2022 Update: Settlement talks resume on Monday, October 3, 2022, just three weeks before the next trial.
September 20, 2022 Update: The settlement news yesterday was good. But just before those settlement talks, 3M executives were making statements to investors and financial analysts indicating that they are still clinging to the belief that they can settle the litigation in the bankruptcy court.
Kevin Rhodes, 3M’s Chief Legal Affairs Officer, gave a somewhat delusional presentation at the Conference last Wednesday on the status of the earplug lawsuits. The transcript - passed on to us by a veteran represented by another law firm - is a depressing read.
Rhodes casually brushed off the ruling by the Bankruptcy Court denying which rejected 3M’s bankruptcy strategy. Rhodes labeled the decision as “wrong” and noted that 3M’s appeal has been sent directly to the 7th Circuit. Not mentioned: it has little chance of success.
Rhodes went on to claim that the proposed bankruptcy trust fund of $1 billion is a fair valuation for all earplugs claims. He also has a funny bit where he complains - forgetting for a moment that we are in America - that jury trials are not the appropriate way to handle this litigation. The unspoken part of most of 3M's arguments is that they have hurt so many people they should be given special treatment. 3M also complains that everyone is getting it wrong - multiple judges, juries, and financial analysts. Don't you have to look in the mirror at some point?
September 19, 2022 Update: There was no settlement from the settlement talks last week. Still, Judge Rodges deemed the mediation "worthwhile and productive..." The court-appointed mediator is scheduling another mediation session to be conducted within the next 14 days. The lawyers are bound by a confidentiality agreement concerning the details of the discussion.
September 16, 2022 Update: As the parties begin Day 2 of court-ordered settlement talks, the number of lawsuits listed as active and pending in the 3M Earplugs MDL went down for first the time since the start of the litigation.
A month ago, there were 293,831 cases listed as pending in the MDL. In the most recent monthly report from the JPML, that number is now down to 254,134. The reduction is the delayed result of steps Judge Rogers took earlier this year to clear cases off the docket where the plaintiffs were unable or unwilling to provide military service records in support of their claims. Reducing the number of total claims is good for 3M and good for victims who want to get a global settlement done.
September 15, 2022 Update: The two-day settlement talks begin today. 3M has a choice. Settle these cases or start the next wave of trials next month - starting with David George's trial - that could lead down a path where 3M has to declare a very different kind of bankruptcy this time.
September 8, 2022 Update: We have a date for the 3M earplug lawsuit mediation. The two-day settlement talks begin next Thursday, September 15, 2022, at the U.S. District Court in Pensacola, Florida.
September 6, 2022: Just days after the Bankruptcy Court denied 3M’s motion to extend the automatic stay and effectively halt the 3M earplugs litigation, MDL Judge Casey Rogers responded by issuing a new Order on Tuesday requiring 3M to take part in another settlement mediation. Judge Rogers forced 3M to take part in a settlement mediation just over a month ago, and she was less than thrilled when 3M launched its bankruptcy strategy immediately after the mediation concluded.
Now that the bankruptcy play has failed, Judge Rogers is pushing both sides to go right back to the settlement table all over again. Plaintiffs have always wanted to settle these lawsuits. Now 3M might have a greater interest. Following the bankruptcy ruling, 3M is facing enormous external pressure from investors and financial analysts who are telling them they have no choice but to capitulate by dropping all of the legal gamesmanship and offer reasonable settlement amounts to veterans who have suffered from these defective earplugs.
September 1, 2022: 3M noted its appeal of the bankruptcy ruling on Monday. Procedurally, 3M’s appeal will either go to the U.S. District Court for Indiana or the Bankruptcy Appellate Panel. I do not think even 3M's lawyers think it has much chance of success.
August 29, 2022: This Fortune article has a quote that is on point: "Like most things that sound too good to be true, [the bankruptcy option] was. Now it may be time for Plan B: a comprehensive, and still costly, settlement process for US soldiers who claim hearing damage."
August 27, 2022: We have a ruling. 3M loses. Again. The bankruptcy effort failed. Justice triumphs (this time). Judge Graham ruled that Aearo's bankruptcy should have no ruling on the earplug lawsuits pending against 3M.
Oh, and 3M stock is down 10% on the news, its worst day in three years. Corporations taking responsibility is a profitable path. But it is the road less taken in 2022.
Now is the moment for 3M to step up and offer veterans reasonable 3M earplug settlement amounts. 3M is a historically great company, a piece of America. This litigation threatens to tarnish their legacy forever. Now is the time to do the right thing.
August 25, 2022: Our lawyers have been checking the docket nonstop. No ruling from Indiana.
August 17, 2022: Earlier this week, Judge Rogers issued an Order reluctantly denying the motion for a ruling that 3M has sole liability for the earplug lawsuits. But the judge did not hide her frustration with 3M.
In the Order, Judge Rogers notes that "from the start, Aearo was a party to this litigation in name only,” and she describes the recent bankruptcy filing by Aearo as a “scheme to escape the MDL and this Court for good.”
Despite her obvious irritation with 3M’s duplicitous conduct, however, Judge Rogers ruled that she could not grant the relief sought in the motion unless and until 3M asserts the defense that it is the wrong party in the earplug litigation. Until 3M asserts that defense, Judge Rogers found that granting the relief sought in the motion would be a premature advisory decision.
But, of course, 3M has already asked the bankruptcy judge to extend the automatic stay to protect 3M as well as Aearo. Because that was the point of this whole scheme to hide from juries behind the Bankruptcy Code.
A decision on this critical issue will not happen until August 18, 2022.
July 30, 2022: In a recently filed brief, 3M argued that its new bankruptcy strategy was necessary and justified because it claims that the earplugs MDL proceeding is “broken beyond repair.” 3M argued that the earplugs MDL is overrun with bogus claims by plaintiffs who are not being vetted and dismissed from the case.
The judge in the earplugs MDL, Casey Rogers, harshly rebuked 3M and its lawyers at a hearing on Wednesday. Judge Rogers stated that a “perfectly solvent defendant” such as 3M should not be entitled to bankruptcy protection simply because the MDL is not going the way it wants.
Rogers dismissed 3M’s claim that bogus plaintiffs are not being vetted, pointing out that 80,000 claimants have already been dismissed. Judge Rogers concluded by announcing that she will be issuing a show cause order and holding a hearing to determine whether 3M acted in bad faith by filing bankruptcy immediately after participating in a settlement mediation.
July 26, 2022: 3M announced today that it will seek to resolve the earplug claims in bankruptcy. 3M’s subsidiary, Aearo Technologies (which made the earplugs at the center of the litigation) filed a voluntary chapter 11 bankruptcy today and will seek to create a trust fund for settlement of the thousands of pending earplug claims. According to 3M, the bankruptcy will enable them to settle the earplug lawsuits more efficiently, but the MDL plaintiffs are already vowing to challenge the legality of the bankruptcy.
If 3M is allowed to move forward with the bankruptcy, the current earplug lawsuits will be automatically stayed and the current plaintiffs will become “creditors.” The bankruptcy court will then appoint a plaintiffs’ lawyer committee to negotiate with 3M on a global settlement of all claims.
So what exactly will this mean for 3M earplug plaintiffs? Ultimately, the earplug plaintiffs are going to get a global settlement one way or the other. The problem with bankruptcy, however, is that it will slow down the settlement process and the amount of the settlement payouts will probably be lower. Right now, 3M is facing enormous pressure from the possibility of hundreds of trials next year.
The bankruptcy stay will immediately relieve that pressure and give 3M more leverage in the negotiations. 3M has already set aside $1.2 billion to fund the proposed bankruptcy trust for the settlement of the earplug claims. This is an insultingly low amount that would net each plaintiff a mere $5,000.
July 25, 2022: In the week after the mandatory settlement mediation ordered by MDL Judge Casey Rogers, the parties have been filing a series of motions to gear up for the next massive wave of trials. Lead Counsel for the plaintiffs filed a major motion seeking to exclude or limit 3M’s expert testimony and opinions going into Wave 3 of the earplug cases which could involve thousands of plaintiffs going to trial in large blocks starting next year. The plaintiffs also filed a motion asking Judge Rogers to preserve all Daubert rulings in the previous trial waves.
So when will the 3M earplug lawsuit settle? That is the question many veterans have asked our lawyers in the last week. The 3M earplug lawsuit will settle when 3M finally realizes that it cannot keep deferring the resolution of this litigation.
We do not think the stock market - still! - has not baked the cost of a 3M earplug settlement into 3M's stock price. Our thinking, and it is just our lawyers' speculation, is that 3M executives just want to keep delaying taking that hit in the stock price and the pain that will come with that. So they keep kicking the can down the road while hoping for a miracle from the 11th Circuit.
July 18, 2022: There was no 3M earplug settlement from the mediation this weekend. We still believe the majority of these lawsuits will settle in 2022. But a settlement of this magnitude will be a complex endeavor.
July 15, 2022: The 3M earplug settlement talks began today and will go through the weekend in Florida. Just how likely is a 3M earplug settlement?
Progress towards an earplug settlement is probably likely. But a global 3M earplug settlement after three days of negotiations seems unlikely. Earplug victims are frustrated with the pace of settlement. Understandably. And a global 3M earplug settlement is not out of reach. But it is just not likely this weekend.
July 13, 2022: 3M filed a brief asking the court to extinguish judgments in the nine cases they lost. Why 3M's lawyers bother with this motion is anyone's guess. Judge Rodgers stuck the motion as improper, chastising 3M that the court docket is not a repository "for lawyers to preview future litigation strategies."
July 11, 2022: The one thing we do not want to do in a 3M earplug settlement is minimize the differences between the strength of the claims in the final settlement amounts. The fear of this kind of damage averaging is larger claims will get settlement offers that undervalue their claims.
This creates a problem not only for those more seriously injured but also for 3M. Why? If the best cases do not receive settlement offers commensurate with the harm done to them, those plaintiffs will just reject the settlement amounts offered and opt to go to trial.
The point of all of this is that lawyers have to measure twice and cut once before any 3M earplug settlement.
July 8, 2022: 3M wants to weed out every 3M earplug lawsuit that is not a viable claim. Judge Rodgers is helping their efforts. Judge Rodgers granted a defense motion requiring plaintiffs who have not complied with court orders to produce basic information to show cause why their case should not be dismissed.
This sounds like a bad thing. It is not. If you have a solid claim, you support this, too. We want to get rid of the claims that are not meritorious because that will facilitate a 3M earplug settlement that makes sense for all parties.
July 5, 2022: Settlement talks are now just 10 days away. Our 3M earplug lawyers have not used these updates as a "call us" plug. But in the event there is a settlement, there is a chance it will be very hard to find a lawyer after a settlement is reached. So if you are sitting on the sidelines and have not brought a 3M earplug lawsuit but are considering it, now is the time to act. I don't think there are many of you out there who have not yet brought a lawsuit. But if you have not yet spoken to a lawyer about your case, now is the time. You can call us at 800-553-8082 or reach out online for a free consultation.
June 29, 2022: Plaintiffs Luke Estes, Lewis Keefer, Stephen Hacker, and Lloyd Baker filed their response to 3M's 11th Circuit appeal this week. The battleground is the government contractor defense our earplug lawyers talked about from Day 1 of this litigation. Plaintiff's lawyers contend in this brief and throughout this litigation that 3M is not a government contractor entitled to protection under the Feres Doctrine. This is because 3M did not give precise specifications or even have a real contract with the military to provide these earplugs. There will be a hearing before a ruling. Our lawyers believe 3M has a very small chance of winning this appeal. Hopefully, 3M offers reasonable settlement amounts to these plaintiffs and thousands next month before a ruling is needed.
June 28, 2022: On Sunday, the Wall Street Journal released a story entitled 3M Faces Billions in Liabilities Over $7.63 Earplugs. The WSJ article provides a brief explanation of the massive size of the 3M earplug lawsuit and how it could end up costing 3M billions. The article was prompted by news of the recent mandatory settlement mediation ordered by the MDL class action judge.
The WSJ story is very significant because it marks the first time that one of the big major news outlets has brought attention to just how big of a hit 3M could take over the earplug lawsuits. Despite being the biggest consolidated mass tort in U.S. history, the 3M earplugs litigation and its implications on Fortune 500 companies have gone relatively unnoticed by the general public. 3M has benefited from this anonymity by avoiding external pressure from investors. This WSJ article signals the end of the era and, hopefully, keeps the pressure on 3M going into settlement negotiations.
To help push the settlement negotiations, Judge Rogers appointed Randi S. Ellis as the special master for the mediation. Ms. Ellis will also be assisted by retired judge Mark Falk and veteran settlement negotiator Ellen Reisman.
Judge Rogers made it clear in her order that full or partial settlement of the earplug cases is critically important otherwise the federal court system will be flooded with earplug trials next year. The order notes that there are now 233,883 plaintiffs in the Earplugs MDL (down from a high of 282,902). If no settlement is reached in these earplug lawsuits, these cases will be sent back to their home districts for trial in waves of 500 cases at a time.
Our lawyers are constantly asked when will the 3M earplug lawsuit settle? These court-ordered settlement talks are the brightest glimmer of hope we have had for veterans to get reasonable settlement amounts in the foreseeable future.
May 19, 2022: Day 8 of the trial featured live testimony from 3M expert witness Dr. John Casali from Virginia Tech University. Casali is 3M's go-to expert, a prominent authority in audiology, acoustics, and hearing protection. 3M has used him as an expert in all of the bellwether trials. In addition to Casali’s testimony, 3M’s lawyers presented the jury with clips of video deposition testimony from several witnesses, including the plaintiff’s wife.
May 18, 2022: On Day 7 of the trial, 3M’s defense team presented testimony from Eric Fallon and Dr. James Crawford. Fallon holds a doctorate in audiology and works for 3M as a Technical Senior Service Specialist. Dr. Crawford is an ENT doctor specializing in hearing protection. Both Fallon and Crawford also spent over 20 years in the Army.
May 17, 2022: Let's get you caught up to speed on what is happening in the Beal trial. The first two days of the trial featured nearly eight hours of testimony from the plaintiffs’ leading expert witness, bioacoustics engineer Richard McKinley. McKinley has been a prominent witness in all of the previous bellwether trials.
On Day 3 of the trial, the plaintiffs presented testimony from Elliott Berger. Berger, as every reader of these updates knows, is a former 3M audiology scientist and head of the 3M Personal Safety Division. Berger was one of the people directly involved in the original design and testing of the 3M earplugs at issue in the lawsuits and he has been a key witness in all of the cases.
On Day 4 of the trial, the plaintiff James Beal took the stand in the morning. Beal’s testimony was followed in the afternoon by the plaintiff’s expert Dr. Christopher Spankovich, a clinical audiologist at the University of Mississippi Medical Center.
On the 5th day of trial, the plaintiffs presented testimony from another expert, Dr. Mark Packer. Dr. Packer is an Ear Nose & Throat specialist at Mercy Hospital in St. Louis. Dr. Packer was a key witness in the Sloan/Wayman bellwether trial that resulted in a $110 million verdict against 3M.
Day 6 of the trial featured a series of short video deposition clips and testimony from the plaintiff’s wife, Heather Beal, and several other fact witnesses, including friends or family members of Mr. Beal.
May 17, 2022: In March, bellwether plaintiff Ronald Sloan was awarded $55 million on his earplug lawsuits against 3M, which included $15 million in compensatory and $40 million in punitive damages. 3M has appealed and has not paid the verdict. Sloan filed a motion asking for prejudgment interest on the $15 million in compensatory damages. Judge Rodgers denied that motion. Why? Sloan’s claims are governed by Kentucky law. Judge Rogers ruled that KY law does not allow prejudgment interest on awards for “bodily harm.”
May 16, 2022: Just as the first week of the Beal bellwether trial was wrapping up on Friday, the MDL Judge issued a show cause order threatening to hit 3M’s defense lawyers with sanctions for “willful abuse of the trial process.” Judge Rogers has had a long history of frustration with 3M’s defense counsel dating back over two years. This latest admonishment came after 3M’s lawyers sought to defy long-standing procedural rules regarding deposition designations.
This morning, 3M’s lawyers filed a response to the show cause order attempting to justify their position. This ongoing dispute between Judge Rogers and 3M’s defense attorneys won’t have any impact on the outcome of the Beal trial. But 3M's lawyers are frustrated. There is often turmoil on losing teams. But it seems unwise to go out of your way to create acrimony with the judge and the judge who is trying the Beal case. (Even more bizarrely, the judge trying Beal is the Zantac MDL judge and this same law firm is defending Zantac lawsuits). It is inexplicable and it is not advancing 3M's interests. It is also a distraction from the path to a fair settlement that is in everyone's interest. 3M should focus on settlement talks as opposed to this nonsense.
May 11, 2022: Over 20,000 3M earplug lawsuits were dismissed from the 3M earplug class action lawsuit this week after the plaintiffs failed to file the necessary paperwork required to keep their case active. The missing paperwork that prompted most of the dismissals was the plaintiff’s military service record (DD214).
We never like to see plaintiffs have their cases dismissed. But this might get us a step closer to a global settlement of the earplug lawsuits. One of the main obstacles to a 3M earplug settlement is the massive number of plaintiffs (around 270,000). 3M is convinced that not all of these plaintiffs have valid claims. Our lawyers and many soldiers we have talked to agree with 3M on this point. Getting this class action down to the soldiers who were truly harmed will advance an earplug settlement.
May 9, 2022: The last 3M earplug bellwether trial begins today for Army veteran James Beal. The trial is scheduled to last 2 weeks and will be conducted before Judge Robin L. Rosenberg at the federal courthouse in Pensacola. The trial is already off to a good start. Last week, the MDL judge granted a summary judgment motion by Beal which effectively blocks 3M from presenting nearly all of their affirmative defenses, including contributory negligence.
One encouraging thing our 3M earplug lawyers saw over the weekend was an article by NBC News on the 3M earplug lawsuit. Getting the 3M litigation into the mainstream media has oddly been a struggle given there are 300,000 soldiers bringing claims. This type of unwanted attention might help grease the wheels for settlement talks and a global compensation payout for victims.
May 4, 2022: Yesterday, the 3M earplug MDL judge issued a new Case Management Order (CMO # 44) ordering 20,197 earplug lawsuits in the MDL to be moved from the administrative docket onto the active docket.
This appears to be the first initial step in the move toward Phase 2 of the earplug bellwether trials. The plan is for these 20,197 earplug lawsuits to go through pretrial discovery - a daunting process with such a massive group of plaintiffs. The claims would then be sent to their home federal court districts for trial. Each trial will involve large blocks of consolidated plaintiffs.
The logistics of actually taking these cases to trial are hard to imagine. It is easy to forget that a sample size of one for an MDL class action of this size. This is the largest MDL in history.
The earplug bellwether trials with one plaintiff have required two weeks each. A consolidated trial involving 20 or 40 plaintiffs could last for months and would place 3M at a significant disadvantage, battling against that many soldiers and their families in a courtroom.
May 3, 2022: The 16th and last MDL trial will start Monday, May 9, 2022, for James Beal's injury claim against 3M for its defective earplugs. After this trial, Judge Rodgers will send these lawsuits around the country to be tried in waves. This is not a good dynamic for 3M who would rather not battle a group of soldiers in the courtroom. At the same time, the plaintiffs' brief in response to 3M's appeal is due in the 11th Circuit early next month.
If you follow the history of mass tort settlements, there is no question that this moment seems opportune for a global settlement deal in the 3M litigation. But there are no guarantees.
This will be the big test of 3M's government contractor defense. Our lawyers have always said that 3M would be foolish to let the 11th Circuit rule on this before settling the lion's share of these lawsuits. Why? Because if it loses and the U.S. Supreme Court refuses to take the case, 3M will have fired the last arrow in its quiver. At that point, why not keep trying these cases when the average successful jury payout is around $20 million?
Failing to settle before that ruling would be an existential threat to 3M, a company founded 120 years ago. Hard to believe that would be a risk worth taking.
About the 3M Earplug Lawsuits
3M is the St. Paul-based manufacturer and seller of an earplug called Combat Arms. These dark green and yellow earplugs were originally developed by Aearo Technologies, a company 3M bought in 2008. This makes 3M liable for conduct both before and after 2008.
Thousands of soldiers suffered complete or partial hearing loss and tinnitus because of faulty combat earplugs. Combat Arms Earplugs left veterans entirely unprotected from damaging high-level sounds. Our lawyers are handling these cases.
3M earplugs were standard issue equipment intended to protect service members from hearing loss. 3M had an exclusive contract with the U.S. military via the U.S. Department of Defense. The company admitted, however, that the earplugs were defective and did nothing to protect soldiers from significant hearing loss, subjecting them to the risk of deafness.
This means that anyone who served in the military from 2003 to 2015 and suffered permanent hearing damage has a potential product liability lawsuit against the earplug manufacturer.
U.S. service members are often exposed to very loud noises from things like aircraft, artillery, guns, and explosives. Without some sort of ear protection, repeated exposure to these types of high-level noises will cause auditory ailments from internal damage to the eardrums.
The nonlinear dual-ended Combat Arms Earplug Version 2 ("CAEv2") was supposed to protect users by filtering peak-level noises. They were developed by Aearo Technologies which eventually sold their company to 3M.
The design of these earplugs was a comedy of errors. One big problem was that they were too small for the Army’s carrying case. They also made the fit of a soldier’s helmet somewhat of a challenge.
So what did they do? They modified the design by shortening the earplugs. So now they fit. But the device did not go deeply into the ear. So the design flaw was that the stem of the earplug was too short for soldiers with large, or even normal, ear canals.3M Knew the Earplugs Were Defective
3M was aware that the dual-ended Combat Arms earplugs were a defective product but failed to disclose this to the military. Why? There were probably many reasons. But, usually, follow the money, right? These earplugs cost 85 cents to make. They were sold to the military for $7.63.
Most of those soldiers were not being protected at all by the defective earplugs and ended up suffering permanent loss of hearing. These veterans can now sue 3M and demand financial compensation.
Many veterans that call us are wondering if the 3M cases are legit or whether this is all some scam. We get it. There are no guarantees of success. But it is also true that there is no cost to bring a claim and no risk. It is all upside for you. And for the vast majority of plaintiffs, filing a claim requires very little effort.3M Earplugs Questions Our Lawyers Are Commonly Asked
Based on prior verdicts and settlements in cases involving hearing loss, we expect the trial value of 3M earplug cases to be somewhere between $25,000 and $300,000 per person (notwithstanding the over $2 million per person the plaintiffs received in the first hearing protection trials). The settlement payouts will likely be less.
Is this naked speculation? It is. No one knows for sure and the average value is impossible to estimate. Certainly, the expected average individual settlement amount is rising based on these three verdicts. If 3M foolishly continues to try these cases, the compensation payouts in this litigation will likely soar.
How much money veterans will ultimately be getting will depend on the severity of the level of hearing loss. Severe hearing damage lawsuits will be valued higher than tinnitus-only lawsuits.
Our law firm is reviewing claims that meet the following criteria:
- You served in the military between 2003 to 2015
- You wore military-issued earplugs during service
- You were exposed to loud sounds during military service
- You have been diagnosed with hearing loss/tinnitus
If you meet these criteria, all you need to do is contact our office to get your 3M earplug claim filed.
Most law firms, including ours, handle these cases on a contingency fee basis. So there is no upfront payment and no fees or expenses unless you recover money for your injuries.
Our lawyers believe there could be a global settlement in October 2022. Time will tell.
No. To date, no plaintiff has settled a 3M earplug lawsuit. Thousands of individual plaintiffs have filed claims against 3M in the defective earplugs lawsuits. As of October 2022, none of these claims have been settled.
But with these three trials completed, it is hard to say what will get 3M in more of a reasonable settlement posture. (It might just be hedge funds accessing the risk and shorting 3M stock on the litigation risk. At some point, someone will notice that the largest mass tort in American history is averaging over $1 million per verdict while 3M's stock price keeps rising.)
Filing a lawsuit against 3M for hearing loss related to defective earplugs is unlikely to have any impact on your eligibility to receive disability benefits. But this is something our lawyers will discuss with you.
Settlement talks are set for October 3, 2022. These settlement talks will last at least three days. There is the possible settlement amounts will be reached in some 3M earplug lawsuits. What does this mean for victims? Your 3M earplug lawyer would bring a settlement offer back to you for your approval.
Let's go back to the individual settlement value of these cases because all victims have a keen interest in claim value. Jury verdicts and reported settlement amounts in other tinnitus or hearing loss cases suggest an average individual settlement compensation from $50,000 to $300,000 in compensation.
Will this be the settlement value for the 3M lawsuits? The trial value could be in this range or even higher (much higher for the first three victims, as it turns out). The global settlement value - the resolution of almost all of the claims at one time - would likely be less because you rarely get trial value in a mass tort settlement.
The other factor is the sheer volume of these lawsuits. This 3M lawsuit is the largest mass tort in American history. 3M has maybe $35 billion in assets and is worth approximately $100 billion. Let's assume there are 200,000 legitimate cases and the average settlement payout is $100,000 per person. That is $20 billion. So that is an issue that plaintiffs' lawyers have to deal with in these cases.Little More 3M Litigation History to October 2022
Three years ago, in January 2019, an earplug victim's attorney filed a motion asking the U.S. Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation (JPML) to consolidate all defective earplug cases to a single federal court for coordinated pretrial proceedings.
The court granted this motion in March and the earplug cases are now consolidated in the Northern District of Florida under Judge M. Casey Rodgers. This is called an MDL, which is like a class action lawsuit for pre-trial discovery purposes. This is the first step in the hopes of a favorable global military hearing protection settlement with 3M that would give most victims a reasonable amount of money without ever having to go to court.
What does it mean to you that the JPML consolidated all the federal earplug claims in Florida? It means that no matter where you are, your lawsuit will most likely be housed in Florida while these lawsuits proceed through the multidistrict litigation process.
All you need to do is provide a small bit of information. The hope is that 3M will come to its senses and offer settlement amounts that will encourage the victims to settle their cases out of court. But the per-person payouts have to be high enough to entice victims to settle. We may know more after the October 2022 settlement talks.
3M's big defense, that they seemed certain would succeed, to end these cases before they began was asserting that all claims are preempted by the “Feres” doctrine. Our lawyers looked at the applicable law and believed the plaintiffs would defeat this argument. We were right.
The plan was to invoke the government contractor defense as a shield from state tort liability using the Feres doctrine. This doctrine arose out of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in Feres v. the United States. Specifically, the doctrine provides a guideline for when our servicemen and women may file a claim for personal injuries. The doctrine bars service members and civilian government employees from bringing claims against the U.S. government for injuries that arose out of or were sustained while engaged in activity “incident to service.”
That does not sound good, right? But the Supreme Court decision in Boyle v. United Technologies Corp in 1988 updates Feres and made our attorneys confident we would prevail. This case promulgates a two-part test that determines whether a state law can be displaced:
- The claim is uniquely of federal interest; and
- There is a significant conflict between “federal policy or interests and state law” or if applying the state law would “frustrate specific objectives of federal legislation”
The decision then lays out a three-part test that provides a claim is pre-empted:
- The U.S. approved reasonably precise specifications;
- The equipment conformed to those precise specifications; and
- The supplier warned the U.S. of the danger associated with the equipment that only the supplier knew of. Applying these tests, product liability attorneys do not think there will be issues with preemption because although 3M knew of the defect and danger associated with using them, they never informed the U.S. military of those dangers (we wrote this two years ago and it held up).
3M's fatal problem is the third prong of the Boyle preemption test. Is the U.S. military going to say that they did know of the danger but still issued the earplugs for hearing protection? There is nothing to suggest that the military had any knowledge of the defect.
3M's preemption arguments failed. Judge Rodgers ruled that 3M "government contractor defense" that protects some defendants from liability when building products to the government's specifications do not apply in this case. 3M cannot even make this argument to the jury, the court ruled, because no reasonable jury could conclude that the military made Aearo/3M do anything. Judge Rodgers ruled that the defendants "may not argue that the government dictated, directed, approved, or otherwise exercised discretion concerning military specifications for any aspect of the design of the CAEv2, or the content of instructions or warnings."Getting a 3M Earplug Lawyer to Fight for You
If you used 3M's Combat Arms Earplugs in the military and have a severe hearing impairment, you may be entitled to financial compensation for your injury. Our 3M earplug lawsuit attorneys get calls and online inquiries about this litigation every single day. Because of the statute of limitations, you must reach out to a lawyer as soon as possible. This is not a deadline you can miss.
Contact us and we can investigate your case and tell you whether or not you may have a valid claim against 3M. There is not a lot required from you at this point besides filling out a 3M earplug lawsuit claim form. There is no risk or cost.
We are contingency fee lawyers. Our attorneys only get a fee if you get compensation. If you need representation, call us at 800-553-8082 or get a free online consultation..
- Who is eligible for compensation in Combat Arms earplug litigation?